The mission of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)is to protect human health and the environment. It accomplishes this via research activities (including internal research and a grant award system), sponsorship of partnerships, and provision of education. In relation to regulation, the EPA is charged with implementation of environmental laws passed by US congress via development and enforcement of Regulations.
Nanotechnology is identified by the EPA as a topic that cuts across various environmental laws, regulations, or programs. The regulatory issues identified as particularly relevant for nanotechnology are:
TSCA is described in detail under the Substances & Products Regulation page.
In relation to pesticides, EPA states that FIFRA and EPA's implementing regulations provide an effective framework for regulating pesticide products that contain a nanoscale material. However, given the potential for nanoscale materials to pose different risks than their larger-sized counterparts, the EPA intends to obtain information on what nanoscale materials are present in pesticide products. The Agency are making available a notice announcing our proposed plan for gathering information on nanoscale materials contained in pesticide products. This document, which will be published in the Federal Register in the near future, describes several possible approaches for obtaining certain additional information on the composition of pesticide products.
Further information on this new policy, as well as how to register a product that may contain nanomaterials, is available on the EPA website.